The basics of photography, shutter speed, aperture and iso for everyone to understand - video tutorial

Hello friends, today I will start a longer series of tutorials (not all at once) dedicated to photography and filming, we will learn step by step the secrets of the devices, we will learn to "tame" them to get exactly what we want.
As in any field need to know the basics first without the basics we can move on. Sure, everybody knows how to push the button, but not always work out something admirable, perhaps many of you have admired some photos very beautiful and you have wondered how they managed those photographers, certainly not photographed in auto mode, that's certainly .
In order to obtain results other than "herd", we must "master" the device and its settings. Sometimes it may seem intimidating but it's easier than you think.
Shutter speed, aperture and ISO are the things that you need to understand if these we fully understand, then everything comes naturally, just to follow the logic.
Unless you know these things, do you know why you took a picture too dark or too white flooded.
I can see amateur photographers who pray to all the saints not move the subject, if they know a few things logical could get good pictures even if the subject is a BMW going full speed, just to increase the shutter speed and Aperture how to have enough exposure, while iSO value as possible should be kept to a minimum.
These three parameters can be changed anytime chambers in manual mode even if we have a cheap compact camera, no need to have a DSLR to make beautiful pictures.

The three basic things:

1. The shutter speed.
The shutter is like a curtain in front of the sensor or the film that opens and closes to allow light to "hit" the sensor, this speed can be increased or decreased depending on needs and of course depending on the lens, we can not use a speed great on slow lenses, photos will look dark.

2. Lens aperture (F-stop).
This is exactly like the iris (just like the eyes), it closes and opens to allow light to enter the device, this is done automatically in the eyes, we have to do it in the device or let the device interpret the ambient light and automatically set the aperture, for beautiful photos we need as wide an aperture as possible, so we get a narrow depth of field (the portion that is in focus is small), outside the focus we get the effect of "bokeh", a fog that gives the composition a pleasant effect and emphasizes what is a center of attention (in focus).

3. ISO
This is the sensor's sensitivity to light, a good sensor with high ISO native is doing much better in low light, the colors are preserved, low noise. It is preferable to keep the ISO as can lower and raise it only when we have no choice.

If you understand these three things it will be much clearer, practical behavior they control room and the final look of the photo.

Remember, if you have suggestions, complaints or additions do not hesitate to write in the comments box, de-also if you met the comments box a user has a problem and you can help him, do not hesitate to do it, the only way we can do this place better, see the comments box!
On the comments box trying to get somewhat on the subject so other visitors can offer a tutorial + comments relevant comments may be extra support for user errors, or desire to learn.
Before asking a question try looking through the comments oldest, most times there already answered your question.
Use more categories at the top of the site and the search engine from the right corner to quickly get to what you are interested, we have over 800 tutorials that cover almost every genre of software, we have realized, I you just have to search for them and watch them.

Instructions for use videotutorial.ro

Search Engine.
If for example you have a problem with Yahoo Messenger, you can enter in our search engine terms like Yahoo, Mess, Messenger, id mess, multimess problem messenger, messenger error, etc., you will see that you will have a choice.

Categories.
If you use category drop-down, they find the bar under Home categories: Office, Graphic-Design, Hardware, Internet, Multimedia, Security, System, Storage, Backup, under these categories are organized sub-categories and sub-sub -categorii, that's a more accurate filtering. To find something related to Yahoo Messenger using the categories you can lead the category:InternetThere will open other subcategories where you choose Voice-ChatFrom there you can go on the subcategory YahooFinally, with these filters will arrive on a page where the only items related to Yahoo Messenger or Yahoo Mail.

Archives.
On the page Archives You can find all our tutorials organized beautiful days saptameni, months and years.
Everything is logical, just follow the logic.

Enjoy !
by Cristian Cismaru



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About Cristian Cismaru

I like everything related to IT&C, I like to share the experience and information I accumulate every day.
Learn as you learn!

Comments

  1. Cristi tutorial topic of the difference between CCD and CMOS?

  2. Anatolie said

    I do not even know you expect this tutorial. Your effort is appreciated teach you so many things for free. Thanks a lot!

  3. Yes I can say that the subject is a videitutorial yet is lacking and it shows that you are not an expert on cameras and also not too big fotograf.Ar be rectified first thing ISO's cam as follows, the higher the lower the ISO's pictures will be sharper without noise, but also the ISO 800 up and the best equipment and I mean those are not good shots DSLR and noise at ISO 1600 already highly visible yet can retouch in editing programs foto.Ar longer be said that all compact devices have an LED or something somewhere that turns green when the settings are good and can photograph and turns red when something is Well setat.Apoi to make good photos indiferant as I set the camera and automatically even have known that the shooting shutter button has two positions ie Primada must carefully press halfway and wait for the camera to focus and then we get as the focus beep and only after that pressed all the way and we fotografia.Daca so we do not make good shots and would never be a press carefully and do not rush to take your finger off the button that we risk We move the camera and the picture will be compromisa.Ar be much to say but there is a rule in photography as after doing little about 10000 picture then you will be able to take photos and rest bune.Astept tutorials and if you Complete sets we can do something about suparare.Multa course if luck and best possible photos.

  4. Super tutorial, but do one with digital devices, I think there would be enough to say about them… please me… Note 10 for this tutorial and the other one yesterday.

  5. I came back with a question that is not related to the subject but I would like to be answered: I put some movies on DVDs maell and when I want to see them from the DVD I do not go, do not give any error, vlc opens, but the movie doesn't start, I copied it from the dvd to the pc as well, when I wrote it on the dvds I set the speed x6… is it dc?

  6. please make a tutorial on how beautiful is the PUK or PIN!

  7. adrian:
    please make a tutorial on how beautiful is the PUK or PIN!

    It can only be found at a specialty store, you have cosmote for example or any other card, you go with it and say that you got the wrong pin and puk you don't have it anymore… and they make trouble… if you are on cosmote you go to * 100 # you have a menu there, including the puk code, you enter there, you have 2 your number or no. to another cosmote user, give it to the other user, write the phone number you want to display and you will receive by sms the cosmote number from which you accessed that menu…. you are looking for a friend from cosmote and you… understand what I want to say, this is also true for ornage and vodafone, either store or so… search the net or their website…

  8. CRISTI tutorial VERY GOOD BUT I have a request if possible to make a tutorial about SOME of the best programs optimized PC

  9. Yes, I wouldn't rush like Cony to give a vote to your qualities as a photographer, I'm sure you didn't make photography a profession, but I have to say "DOWN HAT". You lit up, so to speak, the novice street in photography, explaining these technical data, essential in making a successful photo. I join those who appreciated your tutorial and especially those who still believe in photography. I am very glad that you had the idea to share in this field and I am the right amazed by the extraordinary work that the whole team does. I don't have much time to write to you often, but tonight when I saw the tutorial I couldn't help myself and I must show my gratitude for your work. many of those who will follow this tutorial and begin to understand that photography means much more than pressing the shutter button and I a few years ago entered this wonderful world of "Eternal Moments". I want to advise those who will try in vi to put into practice the technique of photography, to see the photograph first with the heart, then with the eye and only then to press the shutter. And as a supplement to the comment of Cony, a famous photographer in the parts where I live, he taught me like this: "When you can choose three successful photos from 36 photos (he was a film photographer) and throw the other 33 without a bird, then you will call yourself a photographer."
    Keep up the good work and look a tutorial on framing the subject in the photo, right tertzilor etc.

  10. TYB:
    Yes, and I would not rush to make a vote qualities Cony your photographer, I'm sure you did the photography profession, but I have to say "hats off." Enlightened, so to speak, street photography novice, explaining the technical data essential to capturing a photo reusite.Ma join those who appreciated your tutorial and especially those who still believe in fotografie.Ma'm so happy that you had the idea of ​​sharing and in this area and are the right astounded by the tremendous work you are doing around echipa.Nu not have time to write often, but tonight when I saw the tutorial I could not help it and you really need to show my gratitude for the work as voastra.La many of those who will follow this tutorial and begin to understand that the picture is much more than pressing the shutter button and I few years ago I entered this wonderful world of "Eternal moments." I wish to advise those who in the future will try to put into practice photography, to see first-hearted picture, then winked and only afterwards to press declansator.Si as a complement to Cony's comment, a famous photographer in the parts where I live taught me this: "When the 36 shots (he was a photographer for the film) you can choose three others 33 good pictures and you will throw no bird, then you will be called a photographer". Keep up the good work and look a tutorial on framing the subject in the photo, right tertzilor etc.

    I'm not a professional photographer, I can say that I am an amateur ambitious yet know, understand and feel the device, it is very important.
    I'm leaning more towards the video but the picture starts to make my eye increasingly often, especially when I am out something of what I propose. Suuuperb out of DSLR video with video cameras can not control the end result too, with DSLR instead can do wonders, especially if you bottle. As you can imagine, the last season was filmed Dr House DSLRs. Quality of thousands of dollars to a few hundred.
    I'll try to explain as well the technical stuff and theory with talent do not think anyone can help, I do not have an artistic bent.
    The most important man in the beginning is to learn how the machine works (as I do) and the basic rules, then everyone is on their own.

  11. TYB:
    Yes, and I would not rush to make a vote qualities Cony your photographer, I'm sure you did the photography profession, but I have to say "hats off." Enlightened, so to speak, street photography novice, explaining the technical data essential to capturing a photo reusite.Ma join those who appreciated your tutorial and especially those who still believe in fotografie.Ma'm so happy that you had the idea of ​​sharing and in this area and are the right astounded by the tremendous work you are doing around echipa.Nu not have time to write often, but tonight when I saw the tutorial I could not help it and you really need to show my gratitude for the work as voastra.La many of those who will follow this tutorial and begin to understand that the picture is much more than pressing the shutter button and I few years ago I entered this wonderful world of "Eternal moments." I wish to advise those who in the future will try to put into practice photography, to see first-hearted picture, then winked and only afterwards to press declansator.Si as a complement to Cony's comment, a famous photographer in the parts where I live taught me this: "When the 36 shots (he was a photographer for the film) you can choose three others 33 good pictures and you will throw no bird, then you will be called a photographer". Keep up the good work and look a tutorial on framing the subject in the photo, right tertzilor etc.

    I think you misunderstood what I said I wanted to spun.Nu not good tutorial but I complactat some things that were left out and the sun esentiale.Si to say an Assembly which is the most essential of all and some can have the most expensive camera in the world if you do not know how to hold him in your hand and how to trigger you will never be able to make good shots and if so in many or very few will be bune.Si to say something a professional will take good pictures with a disposable camera that knows how to walk with him.

  12. Salut.Tin to thank ptr.acest tutorial, because for me it came exactly when trebuia.Am bought a camera lens NIKON D5100 18mm 105-VR, 1: 3.5-5.6G ED, and I was with him on holiday in Turkey today astea.In Istanbul at the airport I wanted to do a photo with his wife and child, but making the picture I noticed that his wife and child did not see at all, being very closed to culoare.Tin to say that the airport was much light as wall back was all glass and light in fata.Cum I had set my camera should have given that much light in front and I have to take a picture in those conditii.Merci

    • In my opinion it was enough to activate the built-in flash with the SLOW setting and the photo came perfect. Or there is another possibility: to measure the exposure on the face of the "subject" to lock it with the AF / AL button and then focus and ready the photo. Exposure means simply bringing the camera closer to the face of the person you want to photograph so that the sensor reads the temperature of the light and calculates the shutter speed to take a balanced picture. The camera setting should be A (aperture priority). ) because it gives you more flexibility and speed of movement. I hope I was helpful.

      • "exhibition" ??? where did you get it from? you had to add "on simeze"

        exposure - is the correct term when writing or talking about photography.
        Yes ! you can say - photo exhibition at the "x" gallery
        I don't know what the exposure is measured with, be it meter, compass or subleru…

  13. Returns with a intrebare.Cand mode using M / A / S / P, the objective should be left to MANUAL or cool AUTOMAT.Merci

    • I agreed to let him in automatically, otherwise you will have to focus manually and it requires a lot of skill, and you think that only you have started using a DSLR.

    • In all the ways you can use manual focus or automata.De would be indicated only where you can not get the auto focus to manual mode or where you want to make a composition apart and the lens can not focus automatically or do but not too well .

  14. zagan:
    Returns with a intrebare.Cand mode using M / A / S / P, the objective should be left to MANUAL or cool AUTOMAT.Merci

    should not be left on manual

  15. Cony: I think you misunderstood what I said I wanted to spun.Nu not good tutorial but I complactat some things that were left out and the sun was also spuno esentiale.Si Assembly which is the most essential of all and some can have the most expensive camera in the world if you do not know how to hold him in your hand and how to trigger you will never be able to make good shots and if so in many or very few will be bune.Si to say something a professional will take good pictures with a disposable camera that knows how to walk with him.

    More or less good. Good in the sense that a professional knows how to choose a good location, light and framing of the subject. Everything else depends on the performance of the camera. And to complete something, ISO helps a lot in obtaining a "granular" effect of artistic photography and photographs of the past, those of the film often resorted to increasing the sensitivity of the film to obtain masterpieces of photography, which today is unfortunately not possible in digital without the help of high performance software and the skill of a specialist graphic designer. And even so, you don't get the same effect that the film gave. Call it nostalgia or whatever you want, but the film is the one that makes the difference in photography.

  16. Florin said

    “Lens aperture (F-stop).
    This is exactly like the iris (just like the eyes), it closes and opens to allow light to enter the device… ”
    In seventh grade physics lesson about eye to give: iris gives the eye color (blue, green, brown, black) and has no role in the construction of the image that forms the eye. Also there is also specified pupil is able to modify the dimensions so as to regulate the amount of light that enters the eye. It works like a diaphragm.
    So please pay attention to fit.
    Otherwise only better!
    And your work is appreciated.

  17. zagan said

    For gravatar tyb.Dupa I realize you're an enthusiast / professional in the fotografiei.Iar if and apparatus fact yours objective, confirm totul.Ce about NIKON D5100. As I said to you a picture against the light must : 1-to close the aperture as much (me as I look on lcd shutter is open)
    2-to decrease the exposure time of the sensor (1 / 400 guess is during this time expunere.Sa say 1 / ptr 400 is more light in my way I go to 1 / 4000, what would use 1 / 4000.
    3 ISO must be during the day when we are in good conditions fototgrafiat 100 when much light is in front or around the cat must fie.la about my camera Nikon d5100 see as ISO goes up to 6400, and more is HI0.3, HI0.7, HI1, HI2.
    If I change ISO, aperture, the mode M / A / S / P switch on automatic mode when the values ​​remain the same or change automatically as it is on automat.Daca want you can leave my email on more vb [email protected]

  18. Hi, I have seen have a videotutorial NIKON DSLR 3100 a Nikon DSLR and I do not understand what happens in the shooting lens movement sounds and takes only minutes 9 what for

  19. We recommend the following link: http://www.canonoutsideofauto.ca/play/
    I find it brilliant for beginners!

    Yours sincerely!

  20. Cristi! You do a good job and clearly explain to all.
    Your effort is admirable of you Rise and to other fields than it.
    must tell you however, that 15min. You can not even explain the elements
    Basic. Yet it is appreciated.

    the order of these three elements is:
    First and most important is ISO.
    according to ISO, other settings are
    pair, time / aperture.

    I need a counselor it and you need one ptr. Photo
    We can exchange experience anytime you want.
    my address, e-mail I think I see the site administrator.
    so anytime you need advice you can contact me and we respond
    and because thou hast helped many before.

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