Basics of photography, shutter speed, aperture and ISO Explained - video tutorial

Hi friends, today I begin a long series of tutorials (not all at once)'s photography and filming, you learn step by step secrets appliances, we learn to "tame" to get exactly what we want.
As in any field need to know the basics first without the basics we can move on. Sure, everybody knows how to push the button, but not always work out something admirable, perhaps many of you have admired some photos very beautiful and you have wondered how they managed those photographers, certainly not photographed in auto mode, that's certainly .
To get results other than "herd" must "own" good camera and its settings. Sometimes it can seem intimidating, but it's easier than you think.
Shutter speed, aperture and ISO are the things that you need to understand if these we fully understand, then everything comes naturally, just to follow the logic.
Unless you know these things, do you know why you took a picture too dark or too white flooded.
I can see amateur photographers who pray to all the saints not move the subject, if they know a few things logical could get good pictures even if the subject is a BMW going full speed, just to increase the shutter speed and Aperture how to have enough exposure, while iSO value as possible should be kept to a minimum.
These three parameters can be changed anytime chambers in manual mode even if we have a cheap compact camera, no need to have a DSLR to make beautiful pictures.

The three basic things:

1. The shutter speed.
The shutter is a curtain in front of the sensor or film that opens and closes to allow light to "hit" sensor, this speed can be increased or decreased as needed and of course depending on the subject, we can not use a speed large slow targets, images will appear dark.

2. Lens aperture (F-stop).
This is exactly the iris (just like the eye) opens and closes to allow light to enter the camera, the eye that is automatic, the device must we do or to let the device to interpret and ambient light automatically set aperture for beautiful photos we need a larger opening so get a narrow depth of field (the portion that is in focus is small) actually get out of focus "bokeh", a substance that gives the composition a nice effect and emphasize what is a center of attention (in focus).

3. ISO
This is the sensor's sensitivity to light, a good sensor with high ISO native is doing much better in low light, the colors are preserved, low noise. It is preferable to keep the ISO as can lower and raise it only when we have no choice.

If you understand these three things it will be much clearer, practical behavior they control room and the final look of the photo.

Remember, if you have suggestions, complaints or additions do not hesitate to write in the comments box, de-also if you met the comments box a user has a problem and you can help him, do not hesitate to do it, the only way we can do this place better, see the comments box!
On the comments box trying to get somewhat on the subject so other visitors can offer a tutorial + comments relevant comments may be extra support for user errors, or desire to learn.
Before asking a question try looking through the comments oldest, most times there already answered your question.
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Everything is logical, just follow the logic.

Enjoy !
by Cristian Cismaru



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About Cristian Cismaru

I love everything related to IT & C, I like to share the experience and information that we accumulate every day.
Learn as you learn!

Comments

  1. Cristi tutorial topic of the difference between CCD and CMOS?

  2. Anatolie said

    I do not even know you expect this tutorial. Your effort is appreciated teach you so many things for free. Thanks a lot!

  3. Yes I can say that the subject is a videitutorial yet is lacking and it shows that you are not an expert on cameras and also not too big fotograf.Ar be rectified first thing ISO's cam as follows, the higher the lower the ISO's pictures will be sharper without noise, but also the ISO 800 up and the best equipment and I mean those are not good shots DSLR and noise at ISO 1600 already highly visible yet can retouch in editing programs foto.Ar longer be said that all compact devices have an LED or something somewhere that turns green when the settings are good and can photograph and turns red when something is Well setat.Apoi to make good photos indiferant as I set the camera and automatically even have known that the shooting shutter button has two positions ie Primada must carefully press halfway and wait for the camera to focus and then we get as the focus beep and only after that pressed all the way and we fotografia.Daca so we do not make good shots and would never be a press carefully and do not rush to take your finger off the button that we risk We move the camera and the picture will be compromisa.Ar be much to say but there is a rule in photography as after doing little about 10000 picture then you will be able to take photos and rest bune.Astept tutorials and if you Complete sets we can do something about suparare.Multa course if luck and best possible photos.

  4. Super tutorial, but make one with digital cameras, I think I would have to say a lot about them ... please I ... Note 10 for this tutorial and other mass yesterday.

  5. I'm back with a question that is not related to the topic but I would like to respond: I put some movies on DVDs MAELL and when I see them on dvd do not go, do not give any error, open VLC, but the movie starts, leam copied from DVD to PC lafel when writing DVDs leam I put x6 speed ... it dc?

  6. please make a tutorial on how beautiful is the PUK or PIN!

  7. adrian:
    please make a tutorial on how beautiful is the PUK or PIN!

    Unable to find than a specialty store, you cosmote for example or any other card, you go with it and say you were wrong pin and pukul no longer have ... and they do ... if you're cosmote grt you to * 100 #'s a menu including the PUK acolol, go there, you or your 2 no no. another user Cosmote, give to the user, writing of the PUK number of phone display and you want to receive sms on number of cosmote from which you access that menu .... look for a friend on Plans and ... you know what I mean, this is true for ornage and Vodafone or shop or so ... looking on the net or their website ...

  8. CRISTI tutorial VERY GOOD BUT I have a request if possible to make a tutorial about SOME of the best programs optimized PC

  9. Yes, and I would not rush to make a vote qualities Cony your photographer, I'm sure you did the photography profession, but I have to say "hats off." Enlightened, so to speak, street photography novice, explaining the technical data essential to capturing a photo reusite.Ma join those who appreciated your tutorial and especially those who still believe in fotografie.Ma'm so happy that you had the idea of ​​sharing and in this area and are the right astounded by the tremendous work you are doing around echipa.Nu not have time to write often, but tonight when I saw the tutorial I could not help it and you really need to show my gratitude for the work as voastra.La many of those who will follow this tutorial and begin to understand that the picture is much more than pressing the shutter button and I few years ago I entered this wonderful world of "Eternal moments." I wish to advise those who in the future will try to put into practice photography, to see first-hearted picture, then winked and only afterwards to press declansator.Si as a complement to Cony's comment, a famous photographer in the parts where I live taught me this: "When the 36 shots (he was a photographer for the film) you can choose three others 33 good pictures and you will throw no bird, then you will be called a photographer".
    Keep up the good work and look a tutorial on framing the subject in the photo, right tertzilor etc.

  10. TYB:
    Yes, and I would not rush to make a vote qualities Cony your photographer, I'm sure you did the photography profession, but I have to say "hats off." Enlightened, so to speak, street photography novice, explaining the technical data essential to capturing a photo reusite.Ma join those who appreciated your tutorial and especially those who still believe in fotografie.Ma'm so happy that you had the idea of ​​sharing and in this area and are the right astounded by the tremendous work you are doing around echipa.Nu not have time to write often, but tonight when I saw the tutorial I could not help it and you really need to show my gratitude for the work as voastra.La many of those who will follow this tutorial and begin to understand that the picture is much more than pressing the shutter button and I few years ago I entered this wonderful world of "Eternal moments." I wish to advise those who in the future will try to put into practice photography, to see first-hearted picture, then winked and only afterwards to press declansator.Si as a complement to Cony's comment, a famous photographer in the parts where I live taught me this: "When the 36 shots (he was a photographer for the film) you can choose three others 33 good pictures and you will throw no bird, then you will be called a photographer". Keep up the good work and look a tutorial on framing the subject in the photo, right tertzilor etc.

    I'm not a professional photographer, I can say that I am an amateur ambitious yet know, understand and feel the device, it is very important.
    I'm leaning more towards the video but the picture starts to make my eye increasingly often, especially when I am out something of what I propose. Suuuperb out of DSLR video with video cameras can not control the end result too, with DSLR instead can do wonders, especially if you bottle. As you can imagine, the last season was filmed Dr House DSLRs. Quality of thousands of dollars to a few hundred.
    I'll try to explain as well the technical stuff and theory with talent do not think anyone can help, I do not have an artistic bent.
    The most important man in the beginning is to learn how the machine works (as I do) and the basic rules, then everyone is on their own.

  11. TYB:
    Yes, and I would not rush to make a vote qualities Cony your photographer, I'm sure you did the photography profession, but I have to say "hats off." Enlightened, so to speak, street photography novice, explaining the technical data essential to capturing a photo reusite.Ma join those who appreciated your tutorial and especially those who still believe in fotografie.Ma'm so happy that you had the idea of ​​sharing and in this area and are the right astounded by the tremendous work you are doing around echipa.Nu not have time to write often, but tonight when I saw the tutorial I could not help it and you really need to show my gratitude for the work as voastra.La many of those who will follow this tutorial and begin to understand that the picture is much more than pressing the shutter button and I few years ago I entered this wonderful world of "Eternal moments." I wish to advise those who in the future will try to put into practice photography, to see first-hearted picture, then winked and only afterwards to press declansator.Si as a complement to Cony's comment, a famous photographer in the parts where I live taught me this: "When the 36 shots (he was a photographer for the film) you can choose three others 33 good pictures and you will throw no bird, then you will be called a photographer". Keep up the good work and look a tutorial on framing the subject in the photo, right tertzilor etc.

    I think you misunderstood what I said I wanted to spun.Nu not good tutorial but I complactat some things that were left out and the sun esentiale.Si to say an Assembly which is the most essential of all and some can have the most expensive camera in the world if you do not know how to hold him in your hand and how to trigger you will never be able to make good shots and if so in many or very few will be bune.Si to say something a professional will take good pictures with a disposable camera that knows how to walk with him.

  12. Salut.Tin to thank ptr.acest tutorial, because for me it came exactly when trebuia.Am bought a camera lens NIKON D5100 18mm 105-VR, 1: 3.5-5.6G ED, and I was with him on holiday in Turkey today astea.In Istanbul at the airport I wanted to do a photo with his wife and child, but making the picture I noticed that his wife and child did not see at all, being very closed to culoare.Tin to say that the airport was much light as wall back was all glass and light in fata.Cum I had set my camera should have given that much light in front and I have to take a picture in those conditii.Merci

    • After me was enough to activate the built-in flash and photo came perfecta.Sau SLOW setting is a possibility: to measure the exhibition to "subject" to a block with the AF / AL and then focused and ready fotografia.A measure exhibition is to simply close the Camera image of the person you want to photograph in such a way that light and temperature sensor reading to calculate the shutter speed to capture an image echilibrata.Setarea device is good to be A (aperture priority ) because it gives you more flexibility and speed we miscare.Sper helpful.

      • "Exhibition" ??? Where did you get a bre? You had to add "on cymas"

        exposure - is the correct term or when vorbeesti and he writes about photography.
        Yes ! can say - exhibition of photographs at the gallery "x"
        I do not know what is measured exhibition, as a meter, or subleru compasu ...

  13. Returns with a intrebare.Cand mode using M / A / S / P, the objective should be left to MANUAL or cool AUTOMAT.Merci

    • I agreed to let him in automatically, otherwise you will have to focus manually and it requires a lot of skill, and you think that only you have started using a DSLR.

    • In all the ways you can use manual focus or automata.De would be indicated only where you can not get the auto focus to manual mode or where you want to make a composition apart and the lens can not focus automatically or do but not too well .

  14. zagan:
    Returns with a intrebare.Cand mode using M / A / S / P, the objective should be left to MANUAL or cool AUTOMAT.Merci

    should not be left on manual

  15. Cony: I think you misunderstood what I said I wanted to spun.Nu not good tutorial but I complactat some things that were left out and the sun was also spuno esentiale.Si Assembly which is the most essential of all and some can have the most expensive camera in the world if you do not know how to hold him in your hand and how to trigger you will never be able to make good shots and if so in many or very few will be bune.Si to say something a professional will take good pictures with a disposable camera that knows how to walk with him.

    More or less bune.Bune in the sense that a professional knows how to pick a good location, light and framing photo subiectului.In rest all depends on performance fotocamerei.Si to be filling something, ISO helps a lot in getting a effect "grain" of artistic photography and photos of old, people often resort to increment sensitivity film for obtaining masterpieces of film photography, which today unfortunately is not possible without a digital soft graphic performance and a specialized skill. and even so no longer get the same effect you gave pelicula.Cheam a nostalgia or whatever you want, but all the film is what makes the difference in photography.

  16. Florin said

    "Lens Aperture (F-stop).
    This is exactly the iris (just like the eye) opens and closes to allow light to enter the camera ... "
    In seventh grade physics lesson about eye to give: iris gives the eye color (blue, green, brown, black) and has no role in the construction of the image that forms the eye. Also there is also specified pupil is able to modify the dimensions so as to regulate the amount of light that enters the eye. It works like a diaphragm.
    So please pay attention to fit.
    Otherwise only better!
    And your work is appreciated.

  17. zagan said

    For gravatar tyb.Dupa I realize you're an enthusiast / professional in the fotografiei.Iar if and apparatus fact yours objective, confirm totul.Ce about NIKON D5100. As I said to you a picture against the light must : 1-to close the aperture as much (me as I look on lcd shutter is open)
    2-to decrease the exposure time of the sensor (1 / 400 guess is during this time expunere.Sa say 1 / ptr 400 is more light in my way I go to 1 / 4000, what would use 1 / 4000.
    3 ISO must be during the day when we are in good conditions fototgrafiat 100 when much light is in front or around the cat must fie.la about my camera Nikon d5100 see as ISO goes up to 6400, and more is HI0.3, HI0.7, HI1, HI2.
    If I change ISO, aperture, the mode M / A / S / P switch on automatic mode when the values ​​remain the same or change automatically as it is on automat.Daca want you can leave my email on more vb [Email protected]

  18. Hi, I have seen have a videotutorial NIKON DSLR 3100 a Nikon DSLR and I do not understand what happens in the shooting lens movement sounds and takes only minutes 9 what for

  19. We recommend the following link: http://www.canonoutsideofauto.ca/play/
    I find it brilliant for beginners!

    Yours sincerely!

  20. Cristi! You do a good job and clearly explain to all.
    Your effort is admirable of you Rise and to other fields than it.
    must tell you however, that 15min. You can not even explain the elements
    Basic. Yet it is appreciated.

    the order of these three elements is:
    First and most important is ISO.
    according to ISO, other settings are
    pair, time / aperture.

    I need a counselor it and you need one ptr. Photo
    We can exchange experience anytime you want.
    my address, e-mail I think I see the site administrator.
    so anytime you need advice you can contact me and we respond
    and because thou hast helped many before.

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