How do we choose the right digital camera - Hardware Guide

Hi friends, today I will explain a bit about digital cameras, so you choose the next digital camera in an informed manner.
For a long time no longer use traditional cameras (film), it is no longer a secret, and swept the digital photo. Today you do not have to use movies 36 positions, do not have to stay blown up photos from the rise lab remember if it was, did not know if you did some great photos if framing or exposure were correctly made. Today we can make thousands of photos and they can watch over right after we did, we can control the behavior of the smallest details of the lens or sensor, or can press the "Auto" and the camera takes care of everything, new we do not only have to press the shutter and it will make one: auto focus, auto exposure, we choose the most appropriate ISO value will automatically choose white balance will not always choose the right course, we may find here and there face red or white walls that are now plowing green.
Digital cameras are divided in three categories:
1. Compact devices generally are devices with automated setting where users do not have many settings to make, they are great for inexperienced users, anyone can take pictures with this device, even children.
2. Prosumer devices usually find these sensor devices 4 / 3 quality interchangeable lenses, compact housing, are devices for users without experianta but who appreciate quality and want manual settings (focus, exposure).
3. Devices or professional DSLRs, they are divided into two subcategories. Full frame DSLRs with large sensors, equivalent 35mm film. The second subcategory are semi-professional DSLRs with APS-C sensors, they are the most popular on the market due to very good price-performance ratio.
No matter what device you choose should be aware of several things, besides the number of megapixels and zoom in a digital camera really matter and:
1. Sensor Type, FSI (frontside illuminated) vs BSI (backside illuminated) the latter is much better in low light.
2. The size of the sensor, it's physical size acxestuia (not related to the total number of megapixels) with both a sensor is bigger the pixels are larger, a higher pixel captures more light, that means background noise of small image and vivid colors in low light.
3. Quality and speed lenses, here you can rely on the brand and reviews.
4. Quality stabilization, stabilization help eliminate shake, optical stabilization (lens to compensate for hand-shake movement) is preferred, those from Panasonic Lumix digital cameras equipped with some excellent Stabilizer (OIS, Mega OIS, POWER OIS, Advanced OIS, Hybrid OIS), like all manufacturers endow cameras or lenses (interschimbabilele) with optical stabilization, beware of digital stabilization.
5. Quality LCD. If the camera only on the outside, should take into account the existence of a quality LCD screen or viewfinder.
6. Type viewfinder must be TTL (thru the lens), that the image seen through the viewfinder to be one that will capture the view directly through the lens.
7. ISO sensitivity of the sensor is very important as the sensor has a higher ISO the more sensitive to light.
8. Dynamic range, this parameter defines the smoothness of a device, a device with a higher DR will generate some vibrant images with a high level of detail both objects properly lit and light on the most disadvantaged.
9. Number of pixels or megapixels. Do not run after the megapixel if you find a good camera and has at least 8 megapixels will suffice, you use a cart of megapixels if they are not quality.
10. Zoom. It is good to be optical zoom digital zoom is bad quality do not only increase the image instead of approaching the subject.
A place where you can find everything about the camera and the object is dpreview.com, The guys there are some excellent reviews, I recommend that after you put your eyes on dpreview join a room and see that they parry professionals, do not be afraid, the people there were all sorts of calsamente and comparison tools , above you can see some samples made with your future room before a purchase choar, cool huh? Pay attention limina poor outcomes, there can no longer hide cameras if you can do tricks in color, in low light shows its true power they have.
Finally I must say that everyone has to choose the device for the needs of an average user who wants to capture your vacation is not a DSLR, it would only annoy him and his man spoil leave, man needs a compact like this:
Digital Camera Fujifilm FinePix black HS20
A young girl who has no setup time and want a good camera that would fit in the bag firm will choose:
Sony Digital Camera W510 12.1MP, Silver Card 2GB Husa LCSBDG
A demanding user who wants quality but does not want the lens bags and other wonders that come along with a DSLR you choose:
Mirrorless Camera Panasonic DMC-GF3KEG-K, 12MP, 14-42mm Kit, Black
A professional photographer who lives in photography or want to make art will likely choose mobility:
Nikon DSLR Camera D7000, body
And ........ the studio will likely choose:
D-SLR Camera Canon EOS Mark II EF 5D 24-105mm f / 4L IS USM

.................................... ..

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Enjoy !
by Cristian Cismaru


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About Cristian Cismaru

I love everything related to IT & C, I like to share the experience and information that we accumulate every day.
Learn as you learn!

Comments

  1. ... Incredible! I was just on a blog whose owner is passionate about photography and bang! Your tutorial ... back after you watch.

  2. very helpful tutorial. thanks

  3. Certainly interesting and useful.
    Another proposal would be "How do we choose the right printer." To laser? to jet? That will cost less in time? (Refill, cartridges, toners, consumables etc?) Or do not know, other issues should we consider when we buy a printer.

  4. I'm back, I'm back ... Excellent photo tutorial! However ... I can not help Cristi, do not you practice what classical picture of confusion involved with fotoelementele pixel on the sensor ... well, there's actually more to the difference between classical and digital photography is support impressionable, that front on was celluloid with silver nitrate emulsion and is now a small sensor and processor ... otherwise everything remains the same .... uh, pictures make everyone less photos!

    • Iulian:
      I'm back, I'm back ... Excellent photo tutorial! However ... I can not help Cristi, do not you practice what classical picture of confusion involved with fotoelementele pixel on the sensor ... well, there's actually more to the difference between classical and digital photography is support impressionable, that front on was celluloid with silver nitrate emulsion and is now a small sensor and processor ... otherwise everything remains the same .... uh, pictures make everyone less photos!

      The classic picture I do not kill, I just tuck the film in the camera and take pictures at the end we also carry the photographer then went Developing and some of the positions are transformed into pictures, let Uncle there to decide which s kept.
      Digital photography is now available to everyone, even on paper is easy to remove with a printer, cartridges and photo paper good.

      • Cristi-admin: The classical picture I do not kill, I just tuck the film in the camera and take pictures at the end we also carry photographer then went to developing some of the positions are transformed into pictures, let Uncle there to decide which -s kept.
        Digital photography is now available to everyone, even on paper is easy to remove with a printer, cartridges and photo paper good.

        Ha, ha. How much sound: all are pictures, photographs too few. True thing. However, today it deserves a decent camera with interchangeable lenses that performance. While camera phones see 8 12-MP, does not compare to anything ţinutu a camera in his arms, to the detriment of soap called generic smartphone, whether it's the aifoane, Android, WP7 and take pictures as hell. Each device functions and specialization.
        Good tutorial Christ.

  5. Well the most expensive digital camera or whatever one 8 - 10 not compete with one million Mirrorless? A Sony to 8 10 mil or not as the tehnlogia new?

  6. If present and rangefinderele, include them all. :))

    And why do we choose a mirrorless DSLR at the expense of a classic that with 700 lei can take a distance goal or an external flash?
    Basically, mirrorless based on the same system as a DSLR with only some small, but you're basically forced to stay on target smelly guy (14-42mm), I do not know how many would 2500 lei on another target (100-300mm).

  7. TEN!

  8. Super tutorial, thanks a lot for him. And even I would be very happy if you continue with other tutorials on the subject.
    All the best

  9. Classic ... picture is about the same as on the optical and mechanical digital a camera, digital still camera market is very misleading. In the classical picture film speed matter a lot (excitable media) which was a double-edged thing, ie: if you use a photo sensitive film grain obtain high (pixels would say now digital) but you could shoot in low light, the opposite is very fine film that but have more light and long exposures (reliability and sensitivity of the sensor I think is very important) ... that is classic in digital photography: OBJECTIVE (set of lenses through which light enters) ... the rest is technology that manufacturers juggle, meaning you can have a super objective lens equipped with low quality (or vice versa), you can have one that is not used supersenzor than 25% due to the amount and intensity of light that impresses ... matter of course lot and, white noise "that is given the default quality electronic components ... I speak a little but I somn.Respect Cristi!

  10. Hello, Cristi tell you what differences I found myself at Cannon A520 with sensor CMOS 4,0 megapixel camera takes pictures clearly crisp, clear everything and play only the video is rather weak, and the other is a Canon SX20IS with sensor CCD quality images is weaker the colors are not so clear, has a touch on white, May and filming HD vain, all sensor CMOS best ie ala has a520 that I have has 4.0megapixeli and the other has 20 megapixels that are not too pleased he.

  11. Sorry 12,1 megapixel canon has sx20is

  12. It would be very interesting and if you continue with this tut. Dedicated camera I have many questions ex. : What are the points of focus, the difference in the types of SD, SDHC, SDXC, on March objectives interested to know more .........

  13. To find the performance of a search for rooms at this address http://www.dpreview.com/.Aici Laboratory tests are done and give notes for most cameras.

  14. good tutorial and yes you could do one about "photography" ... thanks

  15. Super tutorial thanks

  16. The best camera is the one device that has experienced spatelel's a photographer that you can have the best equipment as you know not to use it all bad quality pictures will.

  17. http://www.descopera.ro/stiinta/8960809-lumina-albastra-dusmanul-nostru-nocturn

    I do not know if this article has 100% right, but I tried f.lux application, and light it really more comfortable to the eye. Most users of this application are also very pleased. I will pray and my roommates at home to use it because light laptops hard sleep at night. Address is: http://stereopsis.com/flux/

    You can do a tutorial on this application ... those who are late in front of the monitor will simpta difference

  18. Claudiu Alexandru-Antonia said

    I want to know why it was not posted and my comment.

  19. Claudiu Alexandru-Antonia said

    Welcome. If we begin with a note for your tutorial, it would be a 8. You have included many things about cameras today exactly what you said in the title. But clearly understood that there was excellent. Below I'll enumerate some things that you did not understand or know them but they were wrong in the tutorial:
    * Mounts
    You can not change a muntura a DSLR camera. The mount is a mounting system which differs from manufacturer to manufacturer. There are adapters is true, but what you said that you can change mount is totally wrong.
    * MECHANISM DSLR
    You started to explain how to make photos from a DSLR camera. If you start, try to have an end. You explained exactly how to do this picture. Like when you press the shutter actually mirror that reflects the light towards your initial pentraprisma, rises and everyone goes to the sensor and then closes diagrafma and the picture is saved on digital media.
    * ZOOM
    Let's start with the types of zooms. There are only 2 types and they are: optical and digital. What you said, they are 3 types of zoom, it's stupid. That is an invention iAuto (to say so ...) firm producing the good to come by, that's all.
    * Olympus PEN E-P1 Mirroless 1442
    You said you do not have flash and that means you can not take pictures inside. WRONG!
    If you have a flash does not mean you can not take pictures inside. This device, if you looked better before you notice it has a good lens with a large focal namely f / 1.3. This means that the lens aperture is able to open a lot and light to penetrate a larger quantity at a lower shutter speed.
    * RECOMMENDATIONS
    I do not know if you're in a position to make recommendations. After this tutorial you left me feeling not quite know what is actually a camera. And that you said it you just walked products from Panasonic.
    To be a person worthy of giving some advice, you have to try several products and then say which is best. You just walked cameras from Panasonic and recommend that you all seem like best. WRONG!

    That was what I wanted to say. Still a nice day and watch the tutorials.

    • AdrianGudus said

      Claudiu Alexandru-Antonia:
      Welcome. If we begin with a note for your tutorial, it would be a 8. You have included many things about cameras today exactly what you said in the title. But clearly understood that there was excellent. Below I'll enumerate some things that you did not understand or know them but they were wrong in the tutorial:
      * Mounts
      You can not change a muntura a DSLR camera. The mount is a mounting system which differs from manufacturer to manufacturer. There are adapters is true, but what you said that you can change mount is totally wrong.
      * MECHANISM DSLR
      You started to explain how to make photos from a DSLR camera. If you start, try to have an end. You explained exactly how to do this picture. Like when you press the shutter actually mirror that reflects the light towards your initial pentraprisma, rises and everyone goes to the sensor and then closes diagrafma and the picture is saved on digital media.
      * ZOOM
      Let's start with the types of zooms. There are only 2 types and they are: optical and digital. What you said, they are 3 types of zoom, it's stupid. That is an invention iAuto (to say so ...) firm producing the good to come by, that's all.
      * Olympus PEN E-P1 Mirroless 1442
      You said you do not have flash and that means you can not take pictures inside. WRONG!
      If you have a flash does not mean you can not take pictures inside. This device, if you looked better before you notice it has a good lens with a large focal namely f / 1.3. This means that the lens aperture is able to open a lot and light to penetrate a larger quantity at a lower shutter speed.
      * RECOMMENDATIONS
      I do not know if you're in a position to make recommendations. After this tutorial you left me feeling not quite know what is actually a camera. And that you said it you just walked products from Panasonic.
      To be a person worthy of giving some advice, you have to try several products and then say which is best. You just walked cameras from Panasonic and recommend that you all seem like best. WRONG!

      That was what I wanted to say. Still a nice day and watch the tutorials.

      If you're a professional you do not even like a tutorial "summary" as this and explain or give advice on what camera to buy, how about you put? Of course not. Professionals I know everything, but others probably only shows money ...
      Only a professional like you who keeps to himself and jumps quickly to correct mouth but otherwise it's very silent and not teach others the art of shooting a man better knows as much as give to others his knowledge and recommends something.

    • Claudiu Alexandru-Antonia:
      Welcome. If we begin with a note for your tutorial, it would be a 8. You have included many things about cameras today exactly what you said in the title. But clearly understood that there was excellent. Below I'll enumerate some things that you did not understand or know them but they were wrong in the tutorial:
      * Mounts
      You can not change a muntura a DSLR camera. The mount is a mounting system which differs from manufacturer to manufacturer. There are adapters is true, but what you said that you can change mount is totally wrong.
      * MECHANISM DSLR
      You started to explain how to make photos from a DSLR camera. If you start, try to have an end. You explained exactly how to do this picture. Like when you press the shutter actually mirror that reflects the light towards your initial pentraprisma, rises and everyone goes to the sensor and then closes diagrafma and the picture is saved on digital media.
      * ZOOM
      Let's start with the types of zooms. There are only 2 types and they are: optical and digital. What you said, they are 3 types of zoom, it's stupid. That is an invention iAuto (to say so ...) firm producing the good to come by, that's all.
      * Olympus PEN E-P1 Mirroless 1442
      You said you do not have flash and that means you can not take pictures inside. WRONG!
      If you have a flash does not mean you can not take pictures inside. This device, if you looked better before you notice it has a good lens with a large focal namely f / 1.3. This means that the lens aperture is able to open a lot and light to penetrate a larger quantity at a lower shutter speed.
      * RECOMMENDATIONS
      I do not know if you're in a position to make recommendations. After this tutorial you left me feeling not quite know what is actually a camera. And that you said it you just walked products from Panasonic.
      To be a person worthy of giving some advice, you have to try several products and then say which is best. You just walked cameras from Panasonic and recommend that you all seem like best. WRONG!

      That was what I wanted to say. Still a nice day and watch the tutorials.

      You should not answer you, I'll have to explain, although it will not straighten your typical Romanian character (destructive criticism, the node in the rush to die goat).

      * Mounts

      Once used an adapter is used to mount adapter, so changed that now allows mounting lens mount which were not compatible before.

      * MECHANISM DSLR

      The tutorial explained several times how it works, if you follow this tutorial fully, things will make sense, but perhaps you were just hunting for mistakes.

      * ZOOM

      Until yesterday there were two types of zoom, optical and digital that, at least in the meantime digital refine, resulting in two types, the old and the new one is known not alter the image at all, it uses the ends of unused pixels sensor, known as many manufacturers mounted camera sensors larger than specification. For example you 16 megapixel sensor and specifications appear only 12, allow extra pixels allow magnification without harming quality.

      * Olympus PEN E-P1 Mirroless 1442

      No camera is unable to relize decent photos inside without a light source, much less a 4: 3 matter what aperture is. As more light to enter and must have that light bulb does not light, if you had some experience you realized that the light falls differently on the subject coming from a bulb compared to a flash, not to mention their power.

      * RECOMMENDATIONS

      My recommendation comes after a previous documentary, actually guide aims to educate the longer side comes as a personal recommendation. Those who follow this guide to choose cunostintade will know because since I know more after they watched the guide.

      Suggestions, additions and comments are ok just as long as they are constructive, you just want to disassemble my mouth at any cost and that no arguments, I'd say you just hang a few small details or omissions.
      If you came with a few notes about the tutorial even thank you, as I did several times, but you've come up with an air of superiority which only irritate.
      If you got it, what you have a tutorial?
      People like you are too many in this country, this is precisely our problem.

  20. Well, I used this tutorial. To compress so vast a subject to receive a direction, an idea, in this jungle of digital camera is not easy. The object enlightening for any user environment and a long enough stretch tutorial. Recommendations filmmakers tutorial (even commentators) are good. It was and with me this momentum towards a DSLR but I realize that this involves study and experience that you do not have or do not have time and feel like I have. What am I going to "pose" I see that there are excellent solutions!

  21. Julian Ursachi said

    a tutorial on "how we choose the right camera" if you do I would would be known! He would like to buy a video camera and not decided about that! Thank you

  22. @ Claudiu Alexandru Antoni - You've been to search those mistakes. :)) The only thing I agree with you is the one related to Panasonic products ...

    cristi - You're right, one is when you have a continuous light and one is when you have a flash, but in both cases it is about power and reflection, as an example, look at an external flash with tilt and see principle.

    Where there is no light, no photo, but with low light situations where the shutter open can get you out. Now, take into account the other two factors for it, that the ISO and Shutter. Where you can not flash a version of a tripod + long exposure (shutter high) and the result is this:
    http://fc00.deviantart.net/fs71/f/2011/005/d/8/salzburg_bridge_at_night__by_dowhoranzone-d36hsed.jpg

    PS: I have not the slightest malice in this review. I just want to get some clarification.

    Luck and a happy year!

  23. Adylucas said

    Hello Cristi. Would be welcome and a guide to purchasing cameras. Thank you luck in the future!

  24. ciprian said

    Cristi-admin see that you're good with this camera and ask which of these cameras are worth a buy? which is the best? and a top 3 if possible.

    Nikon Coolpix L810
    FUJI FINEPIX S4300
    Fujifilm FinePix S2980
    Fujifilm FinePix S3200
    Fujifilm FinePix S4000
    Fujifilm FinePix S4200
    Fujifilm FinePix S4500
    Fujifilm FinePix SL240
    Nikon Coolpix L120
    Nikon Coolpix L310
    Nikon COOLPIX L810
    BENQ GH700
    Canon PowerShot SX150IS
    Olympus SP-810UZ

  25. Hello Cristi. I want to thank you for the tutorial. I admit I am a beginner rig ... and explain what you gave me no idea of ​​what it means at least one camera. You said if required in copmentarii doing a tutorial on how to make great photos. Please, if you can do this for me and probably others not good yet and I want to start somewhere.
    Regards
    Caesar

  26. Pretty please enlighten me (you or others who have goodwill) and me. Since these machines: Fuji Finepix and Samsung WB4000 S100 which is better? Te (/ will) please answer me. All the best

  27. Julian iacovache said

    More tutorials pls pls pls and preferred the genre-Claudiu Alexandru Antoni would complete something better than to criticize ..... Now I will repeat myself or I add something for those who want to have some idea of ​​how we orient when buying a digital camera: First, it should have a durable metal, or if not, to be built from a hard plastic. Have Optical Image Stabilizer [digital rainwater] to avoid blurry pictures. I say, 5 megapixels are more than enough for an amateur photographer [image sharpness is limited by the optical (lens), regardless how many pixels are on the sensor.] ZOOMU OPTIC [digital rainwater] by x4 or x5 is enough any amateur photographer who wants to start their career paparazzi. If you like to shoot landscapes, then you'll need a camera with a lens (relatively) wide, ie from 28mm (equiv. 35mm) down. What to look when it comes to video? First, the resolution (to be minimal 640 480 ×) and then FPS (Frames per Second) to be 30. A device with these characteristics will shoot pretty well, only shooting when we talk we are interested in sound. Recommend a stereo. Not necessarily that it's stereo is important, just as usual to a device that records stereo audio quality is satisfacatoare.Intre 4,5 9-fps in continuous shooting mode. DESCHIDERAmaxima aperture ..... After the beach we find the lens focal writes: 1: 2.8-4.8. In this example, 2.8 is maximum aperture. What value is better to have? Maxim 2.8 and if lower (or 2.0 2.5) better. If you are passionate about photography and want to learn as many in the future about photographic techniques, then you must make sure that the device also has settings manuale.Care company good? All who specialized division manufacturing devices and have reputation in this respect: Nikon, Canon, Fuji, Pentax, Olympus, Panasonic, Sony etc. Neither have BenQ, Trust, Canyon or whatever the firm as not would be great would not ISO.Dimensiunea Sensor povesti.viteza I recommend it as its size to be 1 / 1.7 "and not 1 / 2.5." recap: 30fps in filming OPTIC ZUM enough x5, image stabilization optical settings manually, 2,8 maximum aperture, sensor size 1 / 1.7, MEGAPIXELS sufitienti 5. LENS DECAL,,, restu choose you [color, and size]: D

  28. Hello,
    I wish if you can help me to purchase a camera.
    I would ask the admins of this site, I have advanced knowledge to propose which of the below are best in all respects on which to buy
    Fujifilm FinePix and Nikon Coolpix S4000 L810

    Price is the same for 800 lei: Altex / Flanco
    Thank you very much

  29. It's interesting what you say here. But I have not found any online store can filter by the criteria above. The criteria for the site are silly, like the scale of LCD, brand, type of card used, etc.. Does anyone know any site that let me filter by sensor size, focal length, etc?

  30. Hello Cristi. I recently bought a Canon Powershot digital camera SX160 IS. I'm pretty happy with it, especially that has a manual mode that allows me to experience. Sadly the recording format is the classic JPEG photos. I read on the net that can be installed on the memory card CHDK software, bootable, which allows me a lot of other facilities, including storing images in RAW format (. DNG) but involve certain risks. You could make a videotutorial on this topic?

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